Source code for

import asyncio
import contextlib
import weakref

from sqlalchemy.sql import ClauseElement
from sqlalchemy.sql.ddl import DDLElement
from sqlalchemy.sql.dml import UpdateBase

from ..utils import _SAConnectionContextManager, _TransactionContextManager
from . import exc
from .result import ResultProxy
from .transaction import (

[docs]class SAConnection: __slots__ = ( "_connection", "_transaction", "_savepoint_seq", "_engine", "_dialect", "_cursors", ) def __init__(self, connection, engine): self._connection = connection self._transaction = None self._savepoint_seq = 0 self._engine = engine self._dialect = engine.dialect self._cursors = weakref.WeakSet()
[docs] def execute(self, query, *multiparams, **params): """Executes a SQL query with optional parameters. query - a SQL query string or any sqlalchemy expression. *multiparams/**params - represent bound parameter values to be used in the execution. Typically, the format is a dictionary passed to *multiparams: await conn.execute( table.insert(), {"id":1, "value":"v1"}, ) ...or individual key/values interpreted by **params:: await conn.execute( table.insert(), id=1, value="v1" ) In the case that a plain SQL string is passed, a tuple or individual values in \\*multiparams may be passed:: await conn.execute( "INSERT INTO table (id, value) VALUES (%d, %s)", (1, "v1") ) await conn.execute( "INSERT INTO table (id, value) VALUES (%s, %s)", 1, "v1" ) Returns ResultProxy instance with results of SQL query execution. """ coro = self._execute(query, *multiparams, **params) return _SAConnectionContextManager(coro)
async def _open_cursor(self): cursor = await self._connection.cursor() self._cursors.add(cursor) return cursor def _close_cursor(self, cursor): self._cursors.remove(cursor) cursor.close() async def _execute(self, query, *multiparams, **params): cursor = await self._open_cursor() dp = _distill_params(multiparams, params) if len(dp) > 1: raise exc.ArgumentError("aiopg doesn't support executemany") elif dp: dp = dp[0] result_map = None if isinstance(query, str): await cursor.execute(query, dp) elif isinstance(query, ClauseElement): compiled = query.compile(dialect=self._dialect) # parameters = compiled.params if not isinstance(query, DDLElement): if dp and isinstance(dp, (list, tuple)): if isinstance(query, UpdateBase): dp = {c.key: pval for c, pval in zip(query.table.c, dp)} else: raise exc.ArgumentError("Don't mix sqlalchemy SELECT " "clause with positional " "parameters") compiled_parameters = [compiled.construct_params(dp)] processed_parameters = [] processors = compiled._bind_processors for compiled_params in compiled_parameters: params = {key: (processors[key](compiled_params[key]) if key in processors else compiled_params[key]) for key in compiled_params} processed_parameters.append(params) post_processed_params = self._dialect.execute_sequence_format( processed_parameters) # _result_columns is a private API of Compiled, # but I couldn't find any public API exposing this data. result_map = compiled._result_columns else: if dp: raise exc.ArgumentError("Don't mix sqlalchemy DDL clause " "and execution with parameters") post_processed_params = [compiled.construct_params()] result_map = None await cursor.execute(str(compiled), post_processed_params[0]) else: raise exc.ArgumentError("sql statement should be str or " "SQLAlchemy data " "selection/modification clause") return ResultProxy(self, cursor, self._dialect, result_map)
[docs] async def scalar(self, query, *multiparams, **params): """Executes a SQL query and returns a scalar value.""" res = await self.execute(query, *multiparams, **params) return await res.scalar()
@property def closed(self): """The readonly property that returns True if connections is closed.""" return self.connection is None or self.connection.closed @property def connection(self): return self._connection
[docs] def begin(self, isolation_level=None, readonly=False, deferrable=False): """Begin a transaction and return a transaction handle. isolation_level - The isolation level of the transaction, should be one of 'SERIALIZABLE', 'REPEATABLE READ', 'READ COMMITTED', 'READ UNCOMMITTED', default (None) is 'READ COMMITTED' readonly - The transaction is read only deferrable - The transaction may block when acquiring data before running without overhead of SERLIALIZABLE, has no effect unless transaction is both SERIALIZABLE and readonly The returned object is an instance of Transaction. This object represents the "scope" of the transaction, which completes when either the .rollback or .commit method is called. Nested calls to .begin on the same SAConnection instance will return new Transaction objects that represent an emulated transaction within the scope of the enclosing transaction, that is:: trans = await conn.begin() # outermost transaction trans2 = await conn.begin() # "nested" await trans2.commit() # does nothing await trans.commit() # actually commits Calls to .commit only have an effect when invoked via the outermost Transaction object, though the .rollback method of any of the Transaction objects will roll back the transaction. See also: .begin_nested - use a SAVEPOINT .begin_twophase - use a two phase/XA transaction """ coro = self._begin(isolation_level, readonly, deferrable) return _TransactionContextManager(coro)
async def _begin(self, isolation_level, readonly, deferrable): if self._transaction is None: self._transaction = RootTransaction(self) await self._begin_impl(isolation_level, readonly, deferrable) return self._transaction else: return Transaction(self, self._transaction) async def _begin_impl(self, isolation_level, readonly, deferrable): stmt = 'BEGIN' if isolation_level is not None: stmt += f' ISOLATION LEVEL {isolation_level}' if readonly: stmt += ' READ ONLY' if deferrable: stmt += ' DEFERRABLE' cursor = await self._open_cursor() try: await cursor.execute(stmt) finally: self._close_cursor(cursor) async def _commit_impl(self): cursor = await self._open_cursor() try: await cursor.execute('COMMIT') finally: self._close_cursor(cursor) self._transaction = None async def _rollback_impl(self): try: if self._connection.closed: return cursor = await self._open_cursor() try: await cursor.execute('ROLLBACK') finally: self._close_cursor(cursor) finally: self._transaction = None
[docs] def begin_nested(self): """Begin a nested transaction and return a transaction handle. The returned object is an instance of :class:`.NestedTransaction`. Nested transactions require SAVEPOINT support in the underlying database. Any transaction in the hierarchy may .commit() and .rollback(), however the outermost transaction still controls the overall .commit() or .rollback() of the transaction of a whole. """ coro = self._begin_nested() return _TransactionContextManager(coro)
async def _begin_nested(self): if self._transaction is None: self._transaction = RootTransaction(self) await self._begin_impl(None, False, False) else: self._transaction = NestedTransaction(self, self._transaction) self._transaction._savepoint = await self._savepoint_impl() return self._transaction async def _savepoint_impl(self): self._savepoint_seq += 1 name = f'aiopg_sa_savepoint_{self._savepoint_seq}' cursor = await self._open_cursor() try: await cursor.execute(f'SAVEPOINT {name}') return name finally: self._close_cursor(cursor) async def _rollback_to_savepoint_impl(self, name, parent): try: if self._connection.closed: return cursor = await self._open_cursor() try: await cursor.execute(f'ROLLBACK TO SAVEPOINT {name}') finally: self._close_cursor(cursor) finally: self._transaction = parent async def _release_savepoint_impl(self, name, parent): cursor = await self._open_cursor() try: await cursor.execute(f'RELEASE SAVEPOINT {name}') finally: self._close_cursor(cursor) self._transaction = parent
[docs] async def begin_twophase(self, xid=None): """Begin a two-phase or XA transaction and return a transaction handle. The returned object is an instance of TwoPhaseTransaction, which in addition to the methods provided by Transaction, also provides a TwoPhaseTransaction.prepare() method. xid - the two phase transaction id. If not supplied, a random id will be generated. """ if self._transaction is not None: raise exc.InvalidRequestError( "Cannot start a two phase transaction when a transaction " "is already in progress.") if xid is None: xid = self._dialect.create_xid() self._transaction = TwoPhaseTransaction(self, xid) await self._begin_impl(None, False, False) return self._transaction
async def _prepare_twophase_impl(self, xid): await self.execute(f"PREPARE TRANSACTION {xid!r}")
[docs] async def recover_twophase(self): """Return a list of prepared twophase transaction ids.""" result = await self.execute("SELECT gid FROM pg_prepared_xacts") return [row[0] for row in result]
[docs] async def rollback_prepared(self, xid, *, is_prepared=True): """Rollback prepared twophase transaction.""" if is_prepared: await self.execute(f"ROLLBACK PREPARED {xid:!r}") else: await self._rollback_impl()
[docs] async def commit_prepared(self, xid, *, is_prepared=True): """Commit prepared twophase transaction.""" if is_prepared: await self.execute(f"COMMIT PREPARED {xid!r}") else: await self._commit_impl()
@property def in_transaction(self): """Return True if a transaction is in progress.""" return self._transaction is not None and self._transaction.is_active
[docs] async def close(self): """Close this SAConnection. This results in a release of the underlying database resources, that is, the underlying connection referenced internally. The underlying connection is typically restored back to the connection-holding Pool referenced by the Engine that produced this SAConnection. Any transactional state present on the underlying connection is also unconditionally released via calling Transaction.rollback() method. After .close() is called, the SAConnection is permanently in a closed state, and will allow no further operations. """ if self.connection is None: return await asyncio.shield(self._close())
async def _close(self): if self._transaction is not None: with contextlib.suppress(Exception): await self._transaction.rollback() self._transaction = None for cursor in self._cursors: cursor.close() self._cursors.clear() if self._engine is not None: with contextlib.suppress(Exception): await self._engine.release(self) self._connection = None self._engine = None
def _distill_params(multiparams, params): """Given arguments from the calling form *multiparams, **params, return a list of bind parameter structures, usually a list of dictionaries. In the case of 'raw' execution which accepts positional parameters, it may be a list of tuples or lists. """ if not multiparams: if params: return [params] else: return [] elif len(multiparams) == 1: zero = multiparams[0] if isinstance(zero, (list, tuple)): if not zero or hasattr(zero[0], '__iter__') and \ not hasattr(zero[0], 'strip'): # execute(stmt, [{}, {}, {}, ...]) # execute(stmt, [(), (), (), ...]) return zero else: # execute(stmt, ("value", "value")) return [zero] elif hasattr(zero, 'keys'): # execute(stmt, {"key":"value"}) return [zero] else: # execute(stmt, "value") return [[zero]] else: if (hasattr(multiparams[0], '__iter__') and not hasattr(multiparams[0], 'strip')): return multiparams else: return [multiparams]